Fungal toenail infections are a common foot health problem. Such infections can persist for years without ever causing pain or discomfort. A group of fungi called dermophytes are responsible for fungal toenail infections. As the fungus grows, the nail may become thicker, yellowish-brown or darker in color. Debris may collect beneath the nail plate, white or yellowish marks frequently appear on the nail plate. If you leave it not treated, the infection may spread to other toenails, the skin, or even the fingernails.
Any injury to the nail bed may make the nail more susceptible fungal infection. Those who suffer chronic diseases, such as diabetes, or immune-deficiency conditions, are especially prone to fungal nails. Other contributory factors may be a history of Athlete's foot and excessive perspiration.
Depending on the type of infection you have, a topical or oral medication may need to be prescribed, and frequently the diseased nail matter and debris should be removed. In some cases, surgical treatment is prescribed, during which the infected nail is permanently removed.
Specialised consultation and care for fungal toe nail at Temple Clinic in Ealing, West London